神戸大学大学院国際協力研究科 復旦大学国際関係・公共事務学院 高麗大学校国際大学院

News & Topics

Risk Management Seminar - “UNICEF’s Child-Centered Disaster Risk Reduction Approach in Asia”

  On February 3, 2014, Mr. Erik Kjaergaard, a Senior Emergency Specialist at UNICEF, gave a lecture on “UNICEF’s Child-Centered Disaster Risk Reduction Approach in Asia,” aiming to raise awareness among Kobe University students regarding UNICEF’s initiative to place children at the center of disaster risk reduction (DRR) and climate change adaptation (CCA) in Asia. Mr. Kjaergaard’s presentation covered disaster risk trends; DRR and climate change terminology; child-centered DRR/CCA; child-centered risk assessment; and UNICEF and risk-informed planning.

20140203-1
  Mr. Kjaergaard showed a graph of global damage caused by natural hazards from 1975 to 2012 and a graph of global disaster losses and impacts from 2000 to 2011. He noted Asia’s status, where disaster risk and climate change are increasing and the population is young, so children are disproportionately affected by disaster risk. Also, children not adults will feel the full force of climate change. He discussed climate change challenges such as technological innovation versus political solutions and fossil fuel subsidies versus carbon tax. He concluded that emergency planning should become driven less by shock and more by vulnerabilities and that development planning should no longer be blind to disaster risk and climate change.
  Mr. Kjaergaard then presented a map of Thailand showing the October 2011 flooding. He also presented a risk formula: Risk = (Hazard ×Vulnerability)/Capacity. Mr. Kjaergaard clarified that risk is a disaster yet to occur, that there are no natural disasters only natural hazards, and that hazards cannot always be avoided but disasters can. He explained the differences between disaster, disaster management, and disaster risk reduction. He mentioned climate change mitigation and CCA, advantages and disadvantages of DRR and CAA, and community adaptation and resilience.
  Mr. Kjaergaard justified the shift to child-centered DRR/CAA and explained how child-centered CCA works, identifying participation, advocacy, a social safety net, and targeted social services as the four leading ways for active child-centered CCA. He then focused on child-centered risk assessment, highlighting issues such as moving from hazard to risk mapping, assessing multi-hazard risks, assessing child vulnerability, and using composite indexes and time series data.

20140203-2
  Mr. Kjaergaard lastly discussed UNICEF and risk-informed planning, specifically, resilience in the New UNICEF Strategic Plan 2014–2017, smart risk management, timing, and opportunities (development and emergency planning). Moreover, he highlighted the role of DRR/CCA in education, health, water/sanitation/hygiene, nutrition, and child protection. He concluded by explaining the various entry points for DRR/CAA and then fielded questions.