神戸大学大学院国際協力研究科 復旦大学国際関係・公共事務学院 高麗大学校国際大学院

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Risk Management Seminar - “Capacity Assessment for Building Resilient Emergency Management System”

  On December 18, 2013, the CAMPUS ASIA Program held a risk management seminar entitled “Capacity Assessment for Building Resilient Emergency Management System” by Professor Liu Monica from Fudan University in Shanghai, China. The lecture was delivered to students of Risk Management Class and it was held in 4th Floor Presentation Room in the Graduate School of International Cooperation Studies (GSICS) building.

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  Professor Liu began by discussing about a Road Map for Emergency Management through Capacity assessment. She then went on to cite the different definitions of Capacity and noted that capacity is structured in to three levels and these are; Individual Capacity, Organizational Capacity and Sectoral Capacity. In addition, she explained two different types of capacity i.e. Technical (Hard & Tangible) and Social (Soft and Intangible).
  Professor Liu went on to give a historical perspective to capacity development, tracing its origin to the 1950s and 1960s up to modern/ current times. She demonstrated the approach to Capacity Development, beginning with defining a problem, assessing it, designing a response strategy, establishing partnerships and measuring capacity outcomes. She presented UNDP 1997 matrix for Capacity Development approaches.
  She further presented a tool for risk analysis noting that there are internal and external risks and there is a need to assess both types of risks now and in the future using frameworks, methods, methodologies in order to indentify the scale of the risk and to determine who responds to the disaster. Some of the disaster response units/ centers/ institutions are National Governments, Local Governments, Non-Government Organizations and residents. After identifying response points, different roles for different stakeholders should be clearly fashioned out, and the sequence of actions/ activities before, during and after the disaster needs to be spelt out. The different levels of power and interest exercised by the different stakeholders needs to be identified and recognized to facilitate smooth and effective operations/ responses.
  Finally, Professor Liu talked about the approach to management of disaster, which involves subject involvement, collaboration and empowerment by different players, keeping the crowd informed and implementation of what has been agreed upon by the context setters. She shared a collaboration matrix, emphasizing the importance of diagnosing need for collaboration based on importance, urgency, impact and ease of collaboration between and among various stakeholders.
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